Dental resin monomer enables unique NbO2/carbon lithium‐ion battery negative electrode with exceptional performance

Ji, Qing and Gao, Xiangwen and Zhang, Qiuju and Jin, Liyu and Wang, Da and Xia, Yonggao and Yin, Shanshan and Xia, Senlin and Hohn, Nuri and Zuo, Xiuxia and Wang, Xiaoyan and Xie, Shuang and Xu, Zhuijun and Ma, Liujia and Chen, Liang and Chen, George Z. and Zhu, Jin and Hu, Binjie and Müller‐Buschbaum, Peter and Bruce, Peter G. and Cheng, Ya‐Jun (2019) Dental resin monomer enables unique NbO2/carbon lithium‐ion battery negative electrode with exceptional performance. Advanced Functional Materials . 1904961/1-1904961/11. ISSN 1616-301X

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Abstract

Niobium dioxide (NbO2) features a high theoretical capacity and an outstanding electron conductivity, which makes it a promising alternative to the commercial graphite negative electrode. However, studies on NbO2 based lithium-ion battery negative electrodes have been rarely reported. In the present work, NbO2 nanoparticles homogeneously embedded in a carbon matrix are synthesized through calcination using a dental resin monomer (bisphenol A glycidyl dimethacrylate, Bis-GMA) as the solvent and a carbon source and niobium ethoxide (NbETO) as the precursor. It is revealed that a low Bis-GMA/NbETO mass ratio (from 1:1 to 1:2) enables the conversion of Nb (V) to Nb (IV) due to increased porosity induced by an alcoholysis reaction between the NbETO and Bis-GMA. The as-prepared NbO2/carbon nanohybrid delivers a reversible capacity of 225 mAh g−1 after 500 cycles at a 1 C rate with a Coulombic efficiency of more than 99.4% in the cycles. Various experimental and theoretical approaches including solid state nuclear magnetic resonance, ex situ X-ray diffraction, differential electrochemical mass spectrometry, and density functional theory are utilized to understand the fundamental lithiation/delithiation mechanisms of the NbO2/carbon nanohybrid. The results suggest that the NbO2/carbon nanohybrid bearing high capacity, long cycle life, and low gas evolution is promising for lithium storage applications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This publication is under Global University Publication Licence. Gold OA.
Keywords: lithium-ion negative electrodes; niobium dioxide/carbon nanohybrids; nanoparticles; thermal polymerization; methacrylate
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201904961
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Depositing User: Wu, Cocoa
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2019 07:42
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2019 07:42
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/57534

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