Linear analysis of incidence structure: applications in non-rigid object recognition

Wells, Nicholas (2019) Linear analysis of incidence structure: applications in non-rigid object recognition. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Experimental developments in object recognition systems are delivered through image analysis. In non-rigid object recognition, view-invariance is a limiting factor in algorithm development. For supervised learning and parametric training data sets, recognition often fails when the statistics of features are not accounted for or are not discriminative. It is therefore imperative to identify, and appropriate salient features, input to the object recognition system. Features undergoing rigid body and projective transformations exhibit nonlinear relationships and as such, interactions between features can be complex to identify and measure. This thesis contains research into incidence geometry applied to non-rigid object recognition. The first part of this work measures correlation accuracy to recover angular displacements. Using a combination of nonuniform sampling and up-sampling, a matched filter analysis reveals a relaxation in interpolation complexity between sampled grid points. Furthermore, the technique identifies application in natural image structure analysis. The second part investigates the accuracy and precision of sub-pixel edge feature measurements. An arbitrary edge direction detection method based on non-integer coefficients and quadratic refinement reveals a precision measurement perhaps applicable for medical and manufacturing image screening applications at the millimetre and micron scale. Lastly, a recognition process utilising the Hough transform to measure and accumulate critical object feature statistics is investigated. Based on the training examples used to test the approach, the recognition error of a front profile was 8.2%. Identified sources of error include the profile measurement point locations and their approximation to characterise a profile. The results and applications of the novel adapted signal processing techniques are examined.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: See, Chung W.S.
Phillips, Andrew P.
Mather, Melissa M.
Keywords: non-rigid object recognition; incidence geometry; linear signal processing techniques
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics > TK7885 Computer engineering. Computer hardware
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering
Item ID: 57192
Depositing User: Wells, Nicholas
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2019 11:17
Last Modified: 06 May 2020 13:15
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/57192

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