Thul, Ruediger and Bellamy, Tom and Roderick, Llewelyn and Bootman, Martin and Coombes, Stephen (2007) Calcium Oscillations. In: Cellular Oscillatory Mechanisms. Springer. (In Press)
Changes in cellular calcium concentration control a wide range of physiological processes, from the subsecond release of synaptic neurotransmitters, to the regulation of gene expression over months or years. Calcium can also trigger cell death through both apoptosis and necrosis, and so the regulation of cellular calcium concentration must be tightly controlled through the concerted action of pumps, channels and buffers that transport calcium into and out of the cell cytoplasm. A hallmark of cellular calcium signalling is its spatiotemporal complexity: stimulation of cells by a hormone or neurotransmitter leads to oscillations in cytoplasmic calcium concentration that can vary markedly in time course, amplitude, frequency, and spatial range.
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