The carbonaceous aerosol levels still remain a challenge in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region of China: Insights from continuous high temporal resolution measurements in multiple cities

Ji, Dongsheng and Gao, Meng and Maenhaut, Willy and He, Jun and Wu, Cheng and Cheng, Linjun and Gao, Wenkang and Sun, Yang and Sun, Jiaren and Xin, Jinyuan and Wang, Lili and Wang, Yuesi (2019) The carbonaceous aerosol levels still remain a challenge in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region of China: Insights from continuous high temporal resolution measurements in multiple cities. Environment International, 126 . pp. 171-183. ISSN 01604120

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under Licence Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Carbonaceous aerosols in high emission areas attract worldwide attention of the scientific community and the public due to their adverse impacts on the environment, human health and climate. However, long-term continuous hourly measurements are scarce on the regional scale. In this study, a one-year hourly measurement (from December 1, 2016 to November 30, 2017) of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) in airborne fine particles was performed using semi-continuous OC/EC analyzers in Beijing, Tianjin, Shijiazhuang and Tangshan in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region in China, which is one of high emission areas in China, even in the world. Marked spatiotemporal variations were observed. The highest concentrations of OC (22.8 ± 30.6 μg/m 3 ) and EC (5.4 ± 6.5 μg/m 3 ) occurred in Shijiangzhuang while the lowest concentrations of OC (11.0 ± 10.7 μg/m 3 ) and EC (3.1 ± 3.6 μg/m 3 ) were obtained in Beijing and Tianjin, respectively. Pronounced monthly, seasonal and diurnal variations of OC and EC were recorded. Compared to published data from the past two decades for the BTH region, our OC and EC levels were lower, implying some effect of recent measures for improving the air quality. Significant correlations of OC versus EC (p < 0.001) were found throughout the study period with high slopes and correlation coefficients in winter, but low slopes and correlation coefficients in summer. The estimated secondary OC (SOC), based on the minimum R squared (MRS) method, represented 29%, 47%, 38% and 48% of the OC for Beijing, Tianjin, Shijiazhuang and Tangshan, respectively. These percentages are larger than previous ones obtained for the BTH region in the past decade. There were obvious differences in the potential source regions of OC and EC among the four cities. Obvious prominent potential source areas of OC and EC were observed for Beijing, which were mainly located in the central and western areas of Inner Mongolia and even extended to the Mongolian regions, which is different from the findings in previous studies. For all sites, adjacent areas of the main provinces in northern China were found to be important potential source areas. © 2019 The Authors

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.02.034
Depositing User: QIU, Lulu
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2019 10:41
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2019 10:41
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/56245

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View