Chitosan as a coupling agent for phosphate glass fibre/polycaprolactone composites

Tan, Chao and Rudd, Chris and Parsons, Andrew and Sharmin, Nusrat and Zhang, Junxiao and Chen, Wanru and Ahmed, Ifty (2018) Chitosan as a coupling agent for phosphate glass fibre/polycaprolactone composites. Fibers, 6 (4). 97/1-97/25. ISSN 2079-6439

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Abstract

This study shows that chitosan (CS) could be highly useful as a coupling agent in phosphate glass fibre/polycaprolactone (PGF/PCL) composites, as it improved the interfacial shear strength by up to 78%. PGFs of the composition 45P2O5–5B2O3–5Na2O–24CaO–10MgO–11Fe2O3 were dip-coated with CS (with a degree of deacetylation >80%) dissolved in acetic acid solution (2% v/v). Different CS concentrations (3–9 g L−1) and coating processes were investigated. Tensile and fragmentation tests were conducted to obtain the mechanical properties of the single fibres and interfacial properties of the PGF/PCL composites, respectively. It was observed that post-cleaning, the treated fibres had their tensile strength reduced by around 20%; however, the CS-coated fibres experienced strength increases of up to 1.1–11.5%. TGA and SEM analyses were used to confirm the presence of CS on the fibre surface. FTIR, Raman, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses further confirmed the presence of CS and indicated the protonation of CS amine groups. Moreover, the nitrogen spectrum of XPS demonstrated a minimum threshold of CS coating required to provide an improved interface.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: chitosan; coupling agent; phosphate glass fibre; polycaprolactone (PCL) composite
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6040097
Depositing User: Zhou, Elsie
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2019 08:55
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2019 08:55
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/55853

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