Dementia care model: promoting personhood through co-production

Bosco, Alessandro and Schneider, Justine M. and Coleston-Shields, Donna Maria and Orrell, Martin (2019) Dementia care model: promoting personhood through co-production. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 81 . pp. 59-73. ISSN 1872-6976

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Abstract

Background Despite robust evidence on its effectiveness, current approaches that aspire to person-centred care (PCC) frequently locate people with dementia as passive recipients rather than as active agents in the care process. We define active involvement in care as ‘co- production’. In order to investigate co-production, we set out to review the evidence concerning personhood and dignity in dementia care.

Method We adopted a meta-ethnographic approach to synthesise the predominantly-qualitative literature on personhood and dignity in dementia care using EMBASE, PsycINFO, and ASSIA databases. We also included relevant policy documents. Members of Patient and 60 Public Involvement (PPI) group were consulted throughout.

Results A total of 14 empirical studies were subjected to content analysis. Three themes were identified: dignity and personhood, coping with dementia, and barriers to dignity in care. The findings suggest that positive strategies and coping mechanisms are associated with superior outcomes in relation to: sense of self, dignity and quality of care. The 22 policy documents yielded six themes pertaining to co-production: the part played by the person with dementia, family, environment, behaviour, governance and law, and health care partnership.

Conclusion Personhood in dementia care is enhanced through co-production, by actively participating in social, civic and political life. This is promoted through behavioural changes at the micro and macro levels of society, including providers of care being trained in co- producing care and policy makers creating opportunities with, rather than for people with dementia.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Sociology and Social Policy
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2018.11.003
Depositing User: Bosco, Alessandro
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 08:56
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2018 08:56
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/55667

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