C1-C2 alkyl aminiums in urban aerosols: Insights from ambient and fuel combustion emission measurements in the Yangtze River Delta region of China

Shen, Wenchao and Ren, Lili and Zhao, Yi and Zhou, Luyu and Dai, Liang and Ge, Xinlei and Kong, Shaofei and Yan, Qin and Xu, Honghui and Jiang, Yujun and He, Jun and Chen, Mindong and Yu, Huan (2017) C1-C2 alkyl aminiums in urban aerosols: Insights from ambient and fuel combustion emission measurements in the Yangtze River Delta region of China. Environmental Pollution, 230 . pp. 12-21. ISSN 1873-6424

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Abstract

We measured low molar-mass alkyl aminiums (methylaminium, dimethylaminium, ethylaminium and diethylaminium) in urban aerosols in the Yangtze River Delta region of eastern China in August 2014 and from November 2015 to May 2016. After examining artifact formation on sample filters, methylaminium, dimethylaminium and ethylaminium concentrations were quantified. The three C1-C2 aminiums exhibited a unimodal size distribution that maximized between 0.56 and 1.0 μm. Their concentrations in PM2.5 were 5.7 ± 3.2 ng m−3, 7.9 ± 5.4 ng m−3 and 20.3 ± 16.6 ng m−3, respectively, with higher concentrations during the daytime and in warm seasons. On new particle growth days, amine uptake to particles larger than 56 nm was barely enhanced. The molar ratios of individual aminium/NH4+ in PM2.5 were on the order of 10−4 and 10−3. Aminiums were thus far less to out-compete ammonium (NH4+) in neutralizing acidic species in particle sizes down to 56 nm. Abundant nitrate (NO3−/SO42− molar ratio = ∼3) and its correlation to methylaminium and ethylaminium implied that nitrate might be more important aminium salt than sulfate in urban aerosols of this area. Direct measurement of particle-phase amine emission from coal and biomass burning showed that coal burning is an important atmospheric amine source, considering coal burning is top-ranked particulate matter source in China.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Atmospheric amines; Urban aerosol composition; New particle growth; Fuel combustion emission
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.06.034
Depositing User: Yu, Tiffany
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2018 10:44
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2019 04:30
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/55544

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