Improving environmental condition of workspaces of multi-storey ready-made garment factories in Bangladesh

Hossain, Md Mohataz (2018) Improving environmental condition of workspaces of multi-storey ready-made garment factories in Bangladesh. PhD thesis, The University of Nottingham.

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This research aims to identify viable design strategies that can improve the indoor thermal comfort within the workplaces of existing multi-storey ready-made garment (RMG) factories in the tropical climate of Bangladesh. The research framework was initially developed through literature reviews and a feasibility study on the applicability of a passive design approach within an existing RMG factory. The principal research follows the empirical case study approach collecting environmental data for three types of workspaces (i.e. cutting, sewing and finishing sections) and subjective responses from the workers, designer and owners of three multi-storey case study buildings during the three main climatic seasons (i.e. cool-dry, hot-dry and warm-humid seasons) of Bangladesh. In addition to field studies, a validated simulation study is also completed in one of the case study buildings.

Analyses of the subjective votes established workers’ preferred thermal comfort range for temporal varieties of the climate and suggested that the distance between their workstation and ventilation-inlets should be maintained within 12m to 18m for more personalised control on their comfort avoiding the ceiling fans. Analyses of the environmental data from all case study buildings indicated that the limited effective openings of the existing windows and the ventilation strategy being limited to only occupied hours influence the thermal environment of RMG workspaces. Building owners saw value in implementing two solutions (i.e. altering existing window type to one with a higher effective opening area and utilising a night-time ventilation strategy with thermal mass) immediately in their existing buildings as well as new buildings. Simulation results confirmed that these two interventions can provide reductions of up to 23% of working hours when high temperature is experienced. Moreover, designing stack induced ventilation through shafts and changing functional arrangement can provide additional air speed (increase of up to 0.45 m/s) improving workers’ thermal comfort.

Though this research includes limited number of case studies in sub-urban context lacking the representation of the total building stock of Bangladesh, the research methodology and key findings can still be used as a reference by architects and engineers involved in refurbishing existing workspaces or designing new RMG factories in Bangladesh and similar tropical regions. Findings can be adopted by owners and workers of the case study buildings for improving their workspaces. The thermal comfort guidelines and workable strategies can also serve as a reference for updating the existing building code of Bangladesh by extending the scope of the study.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Wilson, Robin
Ford, Brian
Lau, Benson
Wu, Yupeng
Keywords: Environmental Condition, Viable Design Strategies, Thermal Comfort, Workspaces, Garment Factories in Bangladesh, Tropical Climate
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering
UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering > Built Environment
Item ID: 55430
Depositing User: Hossain, Md
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2019 11:08
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 18:02

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