Targeted rework strategies for powder bed additive manufacture

Hirsch, Matthias, Dryburgh, Paul, Catchpole-Smith, Sam, Patel, Rikesh, Parry, Luke Alexander, Sharples, Steve D., Ashcroft, Ian A. and Clare, Adam T. (2018) Targeted rework strategies for powder bed additive manufacture. Additive Manufacturing, 19 . pp. 127-133. ISSN 2214-8604

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A major factor limiting the adoption of powder bed fusion additive manufacturing for production of parts is the control of build process defects and the effect these have upon the certification of parts for structural applications. In response to this, new methods for detecting defects and to monitor process performance are being developed. However, effective utilisation of such methods to rework parts in process has yet to be demonstrated.

This study investigates the use of spatially resolved acoustic spectroscopy (SRAS) scan data to inform repair strategies within a commercial selective laser melting machine. New methodologies which allow for rework of the most common defects observed in selective laser melting (SLM) manufacture are proposed and demonstrated. Three rework methodologies are applied to targeted surface breaking pores: a hatch pattern, a spiral pattern and a single shot exposure. The work presented shows that it is possible to correct surface breaking pores using targeted re-melting, reducing the depth of defects whilst minimising changes in local texture. For the hatch rework and spiral rework, a reduction in defect depth of 50 % and 31 % were observed, respectively, however, no improvement was seen after the single shot exposures. This work is part of a programme to develop a method by which defects can be detected and the part reworked in-process during SLM to enable defect specification targets to be met. Although further work in developing build-characterise-rework strategies for integrated and targeted defect correction is needed, the feasibility of the underlying method of identifying and selectively reworking to reduce a defect has now been demonstrated for the first time.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Non-destructive evaluation; Additive manufacture; Selective rework; Selective laser melting
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Patel, Dr Rikesh
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2018 07:25
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2018 04:30

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