Hybrid in silico/in vitro target fishing to assign function to “orphan” compounds of food origin – The case of the fungal metabolite atromentin

Dellafiora, Luca and Aichinger, Georg and Geib, Elena and Sánchez-Barrionuevo, Leyre and Brock, Matthias and Cánovas, David and Dall'Asta, Chiara and Marko, Doris (2019) Hybrid in silico/in vitro target fishing to assign function to “orphan” compounds of food origin – The case of the fungal metabolite atromentin. Food Chemistry, 270 . pp. 61-69. ISSN 0308-8146

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Abstract

Many small molecules of food origin may effect human health but lack an adequate description of their biological activity. To fill this knowledge gap, a first-line workflow is needed to assign putative functions, rank the endpoints for testing and guide wet-lab experiments. In this framework, the identification of potential biological targets can be used to probe the activity of orphan compounds using a so-called “target fishing” approach. Here, we present a proof of concept study using an in silico/in vitro target fishing approach on the fungal secondary metabolite atromentin. The procedure relies on a computational screening for activity identification coupled with experimental trials for dose-response characterization. Computational results identified estrogen receptors and 17-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase as potential targets. Experiments confirmed a weak estrogenic activity, supporting the reliability of the procedure. Despite limited estrogenicity of atromentin, the proposed inhibition of 17-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase should be considered as a source for endocrine disruptive effects.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Atromentin; Target fishing; Estrogenic activity; Fungal metabolite; Activity assignment; 17-β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.07.027
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2018 10:20
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2018 10:20
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/53975

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