A review of ground-based radar as a noncontact sensor for structural health monitoring of in-field wind turbines blades

Ochieng, Francis Xavier and Hancock, Craig Matthew and Roberts, Gethin Wyn and Le Kernec, Julien (2018) A review of ground-based radar as a noncontact sensor for structural health monitoring of in-field wind turbines blades. Wind Energy . ISSN 1099-1824

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Abstract

Ground-based radar (GBR) are increasingly being used either as a vibration-based or as guided-wave-based structural health monitoring (SHM) sensors for monitoring of wind turbines blades. Despite various studies mentioning the use of radar as transducer for SHM, a singular exclusive review of GBR in blade monitoring may have been lacking. Various studies undertaken for SHM of blades using GBR have largely been laboratory-based or with actual wind turbines in parked positions or focussed on the extraction of only specific condition parameters like frequency or deflection with no validation with actual expected operating data. The present study provides quantitative data that relates in-field monitoring of wind turbines by GBR with actual design operating data. As such it helps the monitoring of blades during design, testing, and operation. Further, it supports the determination of fatigue damage for in-field wind turbine blades especially those made of composite materials by way of condition parameters residuals and deflection. A review of the two GBR-SHM approaches is thus undertaken. Additionally, a case study demonstrating its practical use as a vibration-based noncontact SHM sensors is also provided. The study contributes to the monitoring of blades during design, testing, and operation. Further, it supports the determination of damage detection for in-field wind turbine blades within a 3-tier SHM framework especially those made of composite materials by way of condition parameter residuals of extracted modal frequencies and deflection. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: OCHIENG, F. X., HANCOCK, C. M., ROBERTS, G. W. & LE KERNEC, J. 2018. A review of ground-based radar as a noncontact sensor for structural health monitoring of in-field wind turbines blades. Wind Energy, 0., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/we.2252 . This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions
Keywords: blade; deflection; Doppler; frequency; monitoring; radar; unbalanced; wind
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Architecture and Built Environment
University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/we.2252
Depositing User: Zhou, Elsie
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2018 13:13
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2019 04:30
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/53376

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