Energy, exergy and environmental analyses of conventional, steam and CO2-enhanced rice straw gasification

Parvez, A.M. and Mujtaba, I.M. and Wu, T. (2016) Energy, exergy and environmental analyses of conventional, steam and CO2-enhanced rice straw gasification. Energy, 94 . pp. 579-588. ISSN 1873-6785

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Abstract

In this study, air, steam and CO2-enhanced gasification of rice straw was simulated using Aspen Plus™ and compared in terms of their energy, exergy and environmental impacts. It was found that the addition of CO2 had less impact on syngas yield compared with gasification temperature. At lower CO2/Biomass mass ratios (<0.25), CO2-enhanced gasification showed a lower GSE (gasification system efficiency) than conventional gasification, which was below 22.1%. However at higher CO2/Biomass ratios, CO2-enhanced gasification demonstrated higher GSE than conventional gasification. The GSE of CO2-enhanced gasification continued to increase to 58.8% when CO2/Biomass ratio was raised to 0.87. It was also found that chemical exergy was 2.05–4.85 times higher than physical exergy. The syngas exergy increased with CO2 addition, which was mainly due to the increase in physical exergy. The maximum exergy efficiency occurred in the temperature range of 800 °C–900 °C. For CO2-enhanced gasification, exergy efficiency was found to be more sensitive to temperature than CO2/Biomass ratios. In addition, the preliminary environmental analysis showed that CO2-enhanced gasification resulted in significant environmental benefits compared with steam gasification. However novel assessment methodologies are still needed to better evaluate the advantages of CO2 utilization.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: CO2-enhanced gasification; Conventional gasification; Energy analysis; Exergy analysis; Environmental analysis; Biomass
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2015.11.022
Depositing User: Yu, Tiffany
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2018 08:45
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2018 08:45
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/53294

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