An ALMA survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS field: number counts of submillimeter galaxies

Stach, Stuart M., Smail, Ian, Swinbank, A.M., Simpson, J.M., Geach, J.E., An, Fang Xia, Almaini, Omar, Arumugam, Vinodiran, Blain, A.W., Chapman, S.C., Chen, Chian-Chou, Conselice, C.J., Cooke, E.A., Coppin, K.E.K., Dunlop, J.S., Farrah, Duncan, Gullberg, B., Hartley, W., Ivison, R.J., Maltby, D.T., Michałowski, M.J., Scott, Douglas, Simpson, Chris, Thomson, A.P., Wardlow, J.L. and Werf, P. van der (2018) An ALMA survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS field: number counts of submillimeter galaxies. Astrophysical Journal, 860 (2). p. 161. ISSN 1538-4357

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We report the first results of AS2UDS, an 870 μm continuum survey with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) of a total area of ~50 arcmin2 comprising a complete sample of 716 submillimeter sources drawn from the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS) map of the UKIDSS/UDS field. The S2CLS parent sample covers a 0.96 degree2 field at σ 850 = 0.90 ± 0.05 mJy beam−1. Our deep, high-resolution ALMA observations with σ 870 ~ 0.25 mJy and a 0farcs15–0farcs30 FWHM synthesized beam, provide precise locations for 695 submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) responsible for the submillimeter emission corresponding to 606 sources in the low-resolution, single-dish map. We measure the number counts of SMGs brighter than S 870 ≥ 4 mJy, free from the effects of blending and show that the normalization of the counts falls by 28% ± 2% in comparison with the SCUBA-2 published counts, but that the shape remains unchanged. We determine that ${44}_{-14}^{+16}$% of the brighter single-dish sources with S 850 ≥ 9 mJy consist of a blend of two or more ALMA-detectable SMGs brighter than S 870 ~ 1 mJy (corresponding to a galaxy with a total-infrared luminosity of L IR gsim 1012 L ⊙), in comparison with 28% ± 2% for the single-dish sources at S 850 ≥ 5 mJy. Using the 46 single-dish submillimeter sources that contain two or more ALMA-detected SMGs with photometric redshifts, we show that there is a significant statistical excess of pairs of SMGs with similar redshifts (<1% probability of occurring by chance), suggesting that at least 30% of these blends arise from physically associated pairs of SMGs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: galaxies: high-redshift ; galaxies: starburst
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
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Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2018 12:35
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2018 10:45

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