An audit of healthcare provision in internally displaced population camps in Nigeria

Ekezie, Winifred, Timmons, Stephen, Myles, Puja, Siebert, Penelope, Bains, Manpreet and Pritchard, Catherine (2018) An audit of healthcare provision in internally displaced population camps in Nigeria. Journal of Public Health . ISSN 1741-3850

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Background: Armed conflict in Nigeria resulted in more than 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). IDPs live in poor conditions lacking basic resources with variable provision across different locations. This audit aimed to determine the health-related resources available to IDPs in camp-like settings in Nigeria and whether these met international standards.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional study approach, information was collected in 9 camps across 7 states from camp managers, and direct observation in September-October 2016. The Sphere minimum standards in humanitarian crises were used as the audit standards.

Findings: Five of 15 assessed standards were met to some extent, including the availability of water and shelter. Sanitation and vaccination were unmet in 5 camps, with severe overcrowding in 5 camps, and inadequate waste disposal in all camps. Health programme implementation was uneven, and especially poor in self-settled and dispersed settlements.

Conclusion: Inequality in distribution of humanitarian support was observed across different settings, which could lead to a higher likelihood of water, food and air related diseases and thereby, a poorer quality of life for IDPs. Ensuring standardised health assessments could promote a more even distribution of resources across IDP locations.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Internally displaced persons, Nigeria, healthcare, displacement camps, public health
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2018 08:32
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:46

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