Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of Ras Association and Pleckstrin Homology domains 1 (RAPH1) in breast cancer

Kurozumi, Sasagu and Joseph, Chitra and Sonbul, Sultan and Aleskandarany, Mohammed A. and Pigera, Marian and Alsaleem, Mansour and Alsaeed, Sami and Kariri, Yousif and Nolan, Christopher C. and Diez-Rodriguez, Maria and Johnston, Simon and Mongan, Nigel P. and Fujii, Takaaki and Shirabe, Ken and Martin, Stewart G. and Ellis, Ian O. and Green, Andrew R. and Rakha, Emad A. (2018) Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of Ras Association and Pleckstrin Homology domains 1 (RAPH1) in breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment . ISSN 1573-7217 (In Press)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ras association and pleckstrin homology domains 1 (RAPH1) is involved in cytoskeleton regulation and re-epithelialisation in invasive carcinoma and therefore may play a key role in carcinogenesis and metastasis. We herein investigated the biological and clinical significance of RAPH1 in breast cancer using large annotated cohorts.

METHODS: The clinicopathological and prognostic significance of RAPH1 was assessed at the genomic and transcriptomic levels using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset (n=1039) and the results were validated using the Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium (METABRIC) cohort (n=1980). RAPH1 protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in a large, well-characterised cohort of early-stage breast cancer (n=1040).

RESULTS: In both the TCGA-BRCA and METABRIC cohorts, RAPH1 mRNA expression and RAPH1 copy number alteration were strongly correlated. RAPH1 mRNA overexpression was significantly correlated with high expression of adhesion and EMT markers including CDH1, TGFbeta1 and CD44. RAPH1 mRNA overexpression was a significant predictor of a poor prognosis (Hazard ratio: 3.88; p = 0.049). High RAPH1 protein expression was associated with higher grade tumours with high proliferation index, triple negative phenotype and high E-cadherin expression. High RAPH1 protein expression was an independent predictor of shorter survival (Hazard ratio: 4.37; p = 0.037).

CONCLUSIONS: High RAPH1 expression is correlated with aggressive breast cancer phenotypes and provides independent prognostic value in invasive breast cancer.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/936806
Keywords: invasive breast cancer; lymphovascular invasion; ras association and pleckstrin homology domains 1; re-epithelialisation; E-cadherin
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Cancer and Stem Cells
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2018 13:18
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:39
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52993

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