Impact of breast cancer grade discordance on prediction of outcome

Rakha, Emad A. and Aleskandarany, Mohammed A. and Toss, Michael S. and Mongan, Nigel and ElSayed, Maysa E. and Green, Andrew R. and Ellis, Ian O. and Dalton, Leslie W. (2018) Impact of breast cancer grade discordance on prediction of outcome. Histopathology . ISSN 03090167

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Histological grade is an independent prognostic variable in breast cancer (BC). Previous concordance studies of BC grade have reported moderate levels of agreement; a typical finding in morphological assessment of biological variables. This study aims at investigating the impact of discordance on the prognostic value of grade and identifying the best reporting approach in borderline cases.

METHODS: A large (n=1675) well-characterised annotated cohort of BC originally graded in routine practice using glass slides was re-graded twice, by an expert breast pathologist using virtual microscopy with a three months washout period. Outcome was assessed using breast cancer specific and distant metastasis free survival (median follow-up =135 months).

RESULTS: 58% of the cases showed absolute agreement in the three separate grading sessions whereas grade 1/2 and grade 2/3 discordance were observed in 21% and 21% respectively. Absolute intra-observer agreement using virtual microscopy was observed in 77% of the cases whereas 13% and 10% showed grade 1/2 and grade 2/3 discordance respectively. Despite the concordance, outcome analysis revealed significant associations between tumour grade and patients’ outcome in the three grading sessions. Grade 1/2 and grade 2/3 discordant cases showed intermediate survival between grade 1 and grade 2 tumours and grade 2 and grade 3 tumours, respectively. Grade 1/2 discordant cases showed a worse outcome when compared with grade 1 tumours (p=0.008) but no statistical difference was identified when compared with grade 2 tumours. Similarly, grade 2/3 discordant cases showed a significant difference from grade 2 tumours (p<0.001) but no statistical difference was identified when compared with grade 3 tumours.

CONCLUSIONS: BC grade discordance is likely a reflection of biologically, and hence morphologically, borderline tumours. Cases with borderline features for grade are more likely to behave similar to the higher grade category. Repeating histological grade of borderline cases or double reporting may improve correlation with outcome

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Impact of Breast Cancer Grade Discordance on Prediction of Outcome, Emad A Rakha, Mohammed A Aleskandarany, Michael S Toss, Nigel Mongan, Maysa E ElSayed, Andrew R Green, Ian O Ellis, Leslie W Dalton, Histopathology (2018), which has been published in final form at doi:10.1111/his.13709. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Cancer and Stem Cells
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/his.13709
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2018 12:54
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 04:31
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52966

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View