Early risk factors for depression, anxiety and post-traumatic distress after hospital admission for unintentional injury: multicentre cohort study

Kendrick, Denise and Baker, Ruth and Hill, Trevor and Beckett, Kate and Coupland, Carol and Kellezi, Blerina and Joseph, Stephen and Barnes, Jo and Sleney, Judith and Christie, Nicola and Morriss, Richard (2018) Early risk factors for depression, anxiety and post-traumatic distress after hospital admission for unintentional injury: multicentre cohort study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 112 . pp. 15-24. ISSN 1879-1360

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Abstract

Objective: To quantify psychological morbidity and identify baseline factors associated with depression, anxiety and post-traumatic distress symptoms up to 12 months post-injury.

Methods: Multicentre cohort study of 668 adults, aged 16 to 70, admitted to 4 UK NHS hospital trusts. Data on injury, socio-demographic characteristics and health status was collected at recruitment. Depression, anxiety and post-traumatic distress were measured at 1, 2, 4 and 12 months post-injury. Multilevel linear regression assessed associations between patient and injury characteristics and psychological outcomes over 12 months follow-up.

Results: Depression, anxiety and post-traumatic distress scores were highest 1 month post-injury, and remained above baseline at 2, 4 and 12 months post-injury.

Moderate or severe injuries, previous psychiatric diagnoses, higher pre-injury depression and anxiety scores, middle age (45-64 years), greater deprivation and lower pre-injury quality of life (QoL) were associated with higher depression scores post-injury.

Previous psychiatric diagnoses, higher pre-injury depression and anxiety scores, middle age, greater deprivation and lower pre-injury QoL were associated with higher anxiety scores post-injury.

Traffic injuries or injuries from being struck by objects, multiple injures (≥ 3), being female, previous psychiatric diagnoses, higher pre-injury anxiety scores and greater deprivation were associated with higher post-traumatic distress scores post-injury.

Conclusion: A range of risk factors, identifiable shortly after injury, are associated with psychological morbidity occurring up to 12 months post-injury in a general trauma population. Further research is required to explore the utility of these, and other risk factors in predicting psychological morbidity on an individual patient basis.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Depression; Anxiety; PTSD; Injury; Trauma
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Education
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Primary Care
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.06.008
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: McCambridge, Mrs April
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2018 08:01
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2018 09:15
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52508

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