The role of communities in mental Hhalth care in low- and middle-income countries: a meta-review of components and competencies

Kohrt, Brandon A. and Asher, Laura and Bhardwaj, Anvita and Fazel, Mina and Jordans, Mark J.D. and Mutamba, Byamah B. and Nadkarni, Abhijit and Pedersen, Gloria A. and Singla, Daisy R. and Patel, Vikram (2018) The role of communities in mental Hhalth care in low- and middle-income countries: a meta-review of components and competencies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15 (6). p. 1279. ISSN 1660-4601

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Abstract

Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization’s Mental Health Action Plan, the World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities, and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and highlight research gaps. Using a review-of-reviews strategy, we identified 23 reviews for the narrative synthesis. Motivations to employ community components included greater accessibility and acceptability compared to healthcare facilities, greater clinical effectiveness through ongoing contact and use of trusted local providers, family involvement, and economic benefits. Locations included homes, schools, and refugee camps, as well as technology-aided delivery. Activities included awareness raising, psychoeducation, skills training, rehabilitation, and psychological treatments. There was substantial variation in the degree to which community components were integrated with primary care services. Addressing gaps in current practice will require assuring collaboration with service users, utilizing implementation science methods, creating tools to facilitate community services and evaluate competencies of providers, and developing standardized reporting for community-based programs.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/939104
Keywords: community; global health; low- and middle-income countries; mental disorders; meta-review; paraprofessionals; psychological treatments
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061279
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2018 13:22
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:41
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52503

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