The quorum sensing system of Yersinia enterocolitica 8081 regulates swimming motility, host cell attachment, and virulence plasmid maintenance

Ng, Yen-Kuan and Grasso, Marco and Wright, Victoria and Garcia, Vanina and Williams, Paul and Atkinson, Steve (2018) The quorum sensing system of Yersinia enterocolitica 8081 regulates swimming motility, host cell attachment, and virulence plasmid maintenance. Genes, 9 (6). 307/1-307/14. ISSN 2073-4425

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Abstract

Although Yersinia enterocolitica genomes are highly heterogeneous, they contain a conserved N-acylhomoserine lactone-dependent (AHL) quorum sensing (QS) system consisting of the luxR and luxI orthologs yenR and yenI respectively. Certain hypervirulent strains also contain a putative orphan luxR gene, ycoR, that is not linked to an AHL synthase. To explore the contribution of yenR/yenI/ycoR to QS-dependent phenotypes in Yersinia enterocolitica strain 8081, single and multiple mutants were constructed. AHL profiling identified N-(3-oxohexanoyl) homoserine lactone, N-hexanoylhomoserine lactone, and N-(3-oxoseptanoyl) homoserine lactone as the most abundant. The AHL profiles of the yenR, ycoR and yenR/ycoR mutants were similar to the parent suggesting that the two LuxR homologues do not regulate AHL production while the yenI mutants were AHL-negative. A role for QS in swimming motility and cell attachment was demonstrated. Down-regulation of the virulence plasmid partition gene, spyA, in yenI and yenI/yenR/ycoR mutants is consistent with the greater loss of the Y. enterocolitica pYVe virulence plasmid in the yenI mutant during serial passage at 37 C but not at 22 C. A role for QS-regulated spyA in virulence plasmid maintenance is suggested.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/940169
Keywords: Yersinia enterocolitica; Quorum sensing; LuxR; N-acylhomoserine lactones; Motility; Cell attachment; Virulence plasmid maintenance
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/genes9060307
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2018 09:30
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:41
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52493

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