LY2495655, an antimyostatin antibody in pancreatic cancer: a randomized phase 2 trial

Golan, Talia and Geva, Ravit and Richards, Donald and Madhusudan, Srinivasan and Lin, Boris Kin and Wang, Haofei Tiffany and Walgren, Richard A. and Stemmer, Salomon M. (2018) LY2495655, an antimyostatin antibody in pancreatic cancer: a randomized phase 2 trial. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle . ISSN 2190-6009

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Abstract

Background: Cachexia is a formidable clinical challenge in pancreatic cancer. We assessed LY2495655 (antimyostatin antibody) plus standard-of-care chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer using cachexia status as a stratifier.

Methods: In this randomized, phase 2 trial, patients with stage II-IV pancreatic cancer were randomized to 300-mg LY2495655, 100-mg LY2495655, or placebo, plus physician-choice chemotherapy from a prespecified list of standard-of-care regimens for first and later lines of care. Investigational treatment was continued during second-line treatment. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS).

Results: Overall, 125 patients were randomized. In August 2014, 300-mg LY2495655 was terminated due to imbalance in death rates between the treatment arms; in January 2015, 100-mg LY2495655 treatment was terminated due to futility. LY2495655 did not improve OS: the hazard ratio (HR) was 1.70 (90% confidence interval, 1.1–2.7) for 300 mg versus placebo and 1.3 (0.82–2.1) for 100 mg versus placebo (recommended doses). Progression-free survival results were consistent with the OS results. A numerically higher HR was observed in patients with weight loss (WL) of ≥5% (cachexia) than with <5% WL within 6 months before randomization. Subgroup analyses for patients stratified by WL in the 6 months preceding enrollment suggested that functional responses to LY2495655 (either dose) may have been superior in patients with <5% WL versus patients with ≥5% WL. Among possibly drug-related adverse events, fatigue, diarrhea, and anorexia were more common in LY2495655- than in placebo-treated patients.

Conclusions: In the intention-to-treat analysis, LY2495655 did not confer clinical benefit in pancreatic cancer. Our data highlight the importance of assessing survival when investigating therapeutic management of cachexia and support the use of WL as a stratifier (independent of performance status).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Myostatin; Cachexia; Pancreatic cancer; Muscle mass
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Cancer and Stem Cells
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/jcsm.12331
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2018 08:14
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2018 15:09
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52403

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