Sensory and motor differences in Autism Spectrum Conditions and developmental coordination disorder in children: a cross-syndrome study

Hannant, Penny and Cassidy, Sarah and Van de Weyer, Rosaline and Mooncey, Sophia (2018) Sensory and motor differences in Autism Spectrum Conditions and developmental coordination disorder in children: a cross-syndrome study. Human Movement Science, 58 . pp. 108-118. ISSN 1872-7646

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Abstract

Recent research has shown that Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) can present with some similar symptomology as Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC). This paper therefore explored the similarities and differences in coordination and sensory responsivity between DCD and ASC. 77 children took part: 42 (35 male, 7 female) with ASC (ages 7–21: mean age 12.23 years), 26 (19 male, 7 female) with DCD (ages 7–21; mean age 11.07 years) and 9 (2 male, 7 female) with ASC and DCD (ages 8–15; mean age 12.27). All groups completed a battery of validated parent report measures online that included motor coordination (DCDQ), sensory responsivity (SPC-R) and social communication measures (AQ). Results showed no significant differences in coordination, and some significant differences in sensory responsivity between ASC and DCD (increased visual and auditory responsivity and decreased proprioception). Exploratory analysis showed that these differences showed good validity in identifying the diagnosis of ASC and DCD. These results elucidate the underlying causes of motor coordination difficulties in both conditions. Specifically, ASC coordination difficulties appear linked to visual processing impairments, whilst DCD coordination difficulties appear to be linked to spatial processing. This may aid better diagnosis and intervention for these conditions.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/929607
Keywords: Autism; DCD; Dyspraxia; Motor coordination; Sensory; Visual; Spatial
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2018.01.010
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2018 09:34
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:34
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52260

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