Integration of ARAIM technique for integrity performance prediction, procedures development and pre-flight operations

Paternostro, Simone (2018) Integration of ARAIM technique for integrity performance prediction, procedures development and pre-flight operations. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Advanced Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (ARAIM) is a new Aircraft Based Augmentation System (ABAS) technique, firstly presented in the two reports of the GNSS Evolutionary Architecture Study (GEAS). The ARAIM technique offers the opportunity to enable GNSS receivers to serve as a primary means of navigation, worldwide, for precision approach down to LPV-200 operation, while at the same time potentially reducing the support which has to be provided by Ground and Satellite Based Augmented Systems (GBAS and SBAS).

Previous work analysed ARAIM performance, clearly showing the potential of this new architectures to provide the Required Navigation Performance down to LPV 200 approach procedures. However, almost all of the studies have been performed with respect to fixed points on a grid on the Earth’s surface, with full view of the sky, evaluating ARAIM performance from a geometrical point of view and using nominal performance in simulated scenarios which last several days. Though, the operational configuration was not examined; attitude changes from manoeuvres, obscuration by the aircraft body and shadowing from the surrounding environment could all affect the incoming signal from the GNSS constellations, leading to configurations that could adversely affect the real performance.

In this research, ARAIM performances in simulated operational configurations are presented. Four different algorithms were developed that integrate the ARAIM technique for performance prediction analysis. These algorithms could usefully be implemented:

• In the design of instrument approach procedures. The algorithms could be used to improve the procedure of the development of new instrument approaches, reducing time, effort and costs.

• In the aircraft Flight Management Systems. The algorithms could support the pilots in the pre-flight briefing, highlighting possible integrity outage in advance and allowing them to select a different approach or making them aware of the need to utilise additional positioning systems.

Increased awareness and better pre-flight planning could ultimately improve the safety of flights and contribute to the safe introduction of GNSS as a viable positioning method for instrument approach.

The results showed that the aircraft attitude and the surrounding environment affect the performance of the ARAIM algorithm; each satellite lost generates a peak in the performance parameters that depends on the total number of satellites in view, their relative geometry and on the number of satellites lost at the same time. The main outcome of this research is the identification that the ideal scenario would be to have a tri-constellation system that provides at the same time high redundancy, reliability and increased safety margin.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Moore, Terry
Hill, Chris
Atkin, Jason
Morvan, Herve P.
Keywords: Aircraft based augmentation system; GNSS; Navigation; Aircraft flight management systems; Flight planning
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering
Item ID: 52097
Depositing User: Paternostro, Simone
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2018 04:41
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2018 10:00
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52097

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