Recovery of Al, Cr and V from steel slag by bioleaching: batch and column experiments

Gomes, Helena I. and Funari, Valerio and Mayes, William M. and Rogerson, Mike and Prior, Timothy J. (2018) Recovery of Al, Cr and V from steel slag by bioleaching: batch and column experiments. Journal of Environmental Management, 222 . pp. 30-36. ISSN 1095-8630

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Abstract

Steel slag is a major by-product of the steel industry and a potential resource of technology critical elements. For this study, a basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steel slag was tested for bacterial leaching and recovery of aluminium (Al), chromium (Cr), and vanadium (V). Mixed acidophilic bacteria were adapted to the steel slag up to 5% (w/v). In the batch tests, Al, Cr, and V were bioleached significantly more from steel slag than in control treatments. No statistical difference was observed arising from the duration of the leaching (3 vs 6 d) in the batch tests. Al and Cr concentrations in the leachate were higher for the smaller particle size of the steel slag (< 75 µm), but no difference was observed for V. In the column tests, no statistical difference was found for pH, Al, Cr and V between the live culture (one-step bioleaching) and the supernatant (two-step bioleaching). The results show that the culture supernatant can be effectively used in an upscaled industrial application for metal recovery. If bioleaching is used in the 170-250 million tonnes of steel slag produced per year globally, significant recoveries of metals (100% of Al, 84% of Cr and 8% of V) can be achieved, depending on the slag composition. The removal and recovery percentages of metals from the leachate with Amberlite®IRA-400 are relatively modest (< 67% and < 5%, respectively), due to the high concentration of competing ions (SO42-, PO43-) in the culture medium. Other ion exchange resins can be better suited for the leachate or methods such as selective precipitation could improve the performance of the resin. Further research is needed to minimise interference and maximise metal recovery.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/949997
Keywords: Acidophilic bacteria; Mixed culture; Ion exchange resins; Resource recovery; Circular economy
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.05.056
Depositing User: Gomes, Helena
Date Deposited: 24 May 2018 07:30
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:49
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/51992

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