Mucosal injury following short term tracheal intubation: a novel animal model and composite injury score

Sinha, Rishie and Correia, Ricardo and Gardner, David and Grau-Roma, Llorenc and de Brot, Simone and Hardman, Jonathan and Morgan, Steve and Norris, Andrew (2018) Mucosal injury following short term tracheal intubation: a novel animal model and composite injury score. Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology . ISSN 2378-8038

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under Licence Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
Download (454kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objectives: Postintubation laryngotracheal injury is common. Assessment of histopathological changes currently requires animal models. We set about developing a viable, resource effective animal model to study these effects and to develop a detailed tissue injury score.

Methods: Six pigs were anaesthetised using a standard regimen. We intubated the tracheas using a standard endotracheal tube modified to include optical sensors. Animals were anaesthetised for a duration of two to four hours, and their lungs were ventilated using a normoxic gas mixture. Following euthanasia, the tracheas were removed and underwent histological assessment by two independent veterinary pathologists. The histological lesions, including controls, were described and quantified, and two pathologists classified tissues according to a novel injury score.

Results: Mean duration of tracheal intubation was 191 minutes (SD±41.6). In all except one animal, cuff pressures were maintained in the range of 25 – 45 cmH20. Histopathological findings in all study animals showed more extensive changes than previously described with short-term intubation. Changes were seen in all mucosal layers consistent with acute, suppurative and ulcerative tracheitis. The range of scores of the developed composite scoring system among the animals was wider than in earlier descriptions. There was a high percentage of agreement between both pathologists.

Conclusions: We have described a novel tissue injury score to assess pathological changes following short term intubation in a viable animal model. The scoring system distinguished between the test animals as well as controls and may be appropriate for continuing study of intubation injury.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/lio2.168
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 02 May 2018 11:57
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2018 12:02
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/51529

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View