Platelet and haemoglobin levels in patients on isosorbide mononitrate and/or cilostazol with lacunar ischaemic stroke: data from the LACI-1 trial

Appleton, Jason P. and Flaherty, Katie and Blair, Gordon W. and Law, Zhe Kang and Doubal, Fergus and Sprigg, Nikola and Bath, Philip M. and Wardlaw, Joanna M. (2018) Platelet and haemoglobin levels in patients on isosorbide mononitrate and/or cilostazol with lacunar ischaemic stroke: data from the LACI-1 trial. In: 4th European Stroke Organisation Conference ​(ESOC 2018), 16-18 May 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Background: Cilostazol and isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN) have properties that may be of benefit in the context of cerebral small vessel disease and lacunar ischaemic stroke. As both drugs may influence platelet and haemoglobin levels, we sought to assess their effects using data from the lacunar intervention trial-1 (LACI-1).

Methods: LACI-1 recruited 57 patients with lacunar ischaemic stroke and randomised them to ISMN or cilostazol in isolation, or combined for 9 weeks. One group received both drugs but with a delayed start. Full blood counts were taken at baseline, and weeks 3 and 8. Platelet function was assessed with remote measurement of surface expression of P-selectin (CD62P) using kits sensitive to aspirin or clopidogrel at the same timepoints. Differences in haemoglobin and platelet levels and platelet function were assessed by multiple linear regression with adjustment for baseline value.

Results: Haemoglobin levels did not differ between the treatment groups at week 8 (Table), whilst platelet levels were slightly higher in those who received cilostazol compared with no cilostazol. No differences were noted in platelet function in unstimulated, aspirin or clopidogrel testing between groups.

Conclusions: Cilostazol and isosorbide mononitrate have no clinically concerning effects on haemoglobin and platelet levels and function in the short to medium term. Further assessment of the safety and efficacy of these medications following lacunar ischaemic stroke is warranted.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/932371
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2018 14:04
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:36
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/51290

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View