HumanMethylation450K array–identified biomarkers predict tumour recurrence/progression at initial diagnosis of high-risk non-muscle Invasive bladder cancer

Kitchen, Mark O. and Bryan, Richard T. and Emes, Richard D. and Luscombe, Christopher J. and Cheng, K.K. and Zeegers, Maurice P. and James, Nicholas D. and Gommersall, Lyndon M. and Fryer, Anthony A. (2018) HumanMethylation450K array–identified biomarkers predict tumour recurrence/progression at initial diagnosis of high-risk non-muscle Invasive bladder cancer. Biomarkers in Cancer . ISSN 1179-299X

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Abstract

Background: High-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (HR-NMIBC) is a clinically unpredictable disease. Despite clinical risk estimation tools, many patients are undertreated with intra-vesical therapies alone, whereas others may be over-treated with early radical surgery.

Molecular biomarkers, particularly DNA methylation, have been reported as predictive of tumour/patient outcomes in numerous solid organ and haematologic malignancies; however, there are few reports in HR-NMIBC and none using genome-wide array assessment. We therefore sought to identify novel DNA methylation markers of HR-NMIBC clinical outcomes that might predict tumour behaviour at initial diagnosis and help guide patient management.

Patients and methods: A total of 21 primary initial diagnosis HR-NMIBC tumours were analysed by Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip arrays and subsequently bisulphite Pyrosequencing. In all, 7 had not recurred at 1 year after resection and 14 had recurred and/or progressed despite intra-vesical BCG. A further independent cohort of 32 HR-NMIBC tumours (17 no recurrence and 15 recurrence and/ or progression despite BCG) were also assessed by bisulphite Pyrosequencing.

Results: Array analyses identified 206 CpG loci that segregated non-recurrent HR-NMIBC tumours from clinically more aggressive recurrence/progression tumours. Hypermethylation of CpG cg11850659 and hypomethylation of CpG cg01149192 in combination predicted HRNMIBC recurrence and/or progression within 1 year of diagnosis with 83% sensitivity, 79% specificity, and 83% positive and 79% negative predictive values.

Conclusions: This is the first genome-wide DNA methylation analysis of a unique HR-NMIBC tumour cohort encompassing known 1-year clinical outcomes. Our analyses identified potential novel epigenetic markers that could help guide individual patient management in this clinically unpredictable disease

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/903740
Keywords: high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, epigenetics, methylation, HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array, prognostic biomarker
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Identification Number: doi:0.1177/1179299X17751920
Depositing User: Emes, Richard
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2018 09:59
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:26
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/51274

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