CFD assessment of multiple energy piles for ground source heat pump in heating mode

Cui, Yuanlong and Zhu, Jie (2018) CFD assessment of multiple energy piles for ground source heat pump in heating mode. Applied Thermal Engineering, 139 . pp. 99-112. ISSN 1873-5606

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Three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of ground source heat pump (GSHP) with multiple energy piles (EPs) is developed to investigate the system heating performances under continuous and intermittent operating conditions, the system thermal energy outputs and coefficients of performance (COPs) are evaluated. The 3D model is meshed based on the hybrid grids with tetrahedron, hexahedron unstructured and structured types, and the k-ε equations to describe the turbulence phenomena within U-tube are resolved by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. A good agreement with less than 12% difference between the CFD model and experimental results is achieved. 10 h active and 14 h idle mode is adopted as the intermittent operating condition in this study. Based on the 3D model simulation data, it is found that the average monthly COPs of the intermittent operation are 3.63, 3.58, 14 3.45, 3.21, 3.25 and 3.34 from November to April respectively, which are corresponding to 9.3%, 9.5%, 7.1%, 5.9%, 4.8% and 3.1% increases relative to those of the continuous operation. Furthermore, the soil temperature under the intermittent operating condition is higher than that of the continuous operation. To sum up, the intermittent operation not only contributes to the soil temperature recovery but also improves the system performance, which is very favourable for the long-term operation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Energy piles; Ground heat exchangers; CFD model; Continuous operation; Intermittent operation
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Architecture and Built Environment
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Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 12:27
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 09:19

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