A factor analysis of the SSQ (Speech, Spatial, and Qualities of Hearing Scale)

Akeroyd, Michael A. and Guy, Fiona H. and Harrison, Dawn L. and Suller, Sharon L. (2014) A factor analysis of the SSQ (Speech, Spatial, and Qualities of Hearing Scale). International Journal of Audiology, 53 (2). pp. 101-114. ISSN 1708-8186

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The speech, spatial, and qualities of hearing questionnaire (SSQ) is a self-report test of auditory disability. The 49 items ask how well a listener would do in many complex listening situations illustrative of real life. The scores on the items are often combined into the three main sections or into 10 pragmatic subscales. We report here a factor analysis of the SSQ that we conducted to further investigate its statistical properties and to determine its structure.


Statistical factor analysis of questionnaire data, using parallel analysis to determine the number of factors to retain, oblique rotation of factors, and a bootstrap method to estimate the confidence intervals.


1220 people who have attended MRC IHR over the last decade.


We found three clear factors, essentially corresponding to the three main sections of the SSQ. They are termed "speech understanding", "spatial perception", and "clarity, separation, and identification". Thirty-five of the SSQ questions were included in the three factors. There was partial evidence for a fourth factor, "effort and concentration", representing two more questions.


These results aid in the interpretation and application of the SSQ and indicate potential methods for generating average scores.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/720591
Keywords: Psychoacoustics/hearing science, behavioral measures, hearing aids, speech perception
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3109/14992027.2013.824115
Depositing User: Akeroyd, Professor Michael
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2018 10:36
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 16:40
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50842

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