Cordycepin affects growth factor-dependent gene expression

Lin, Jialiang (2018) Cordycepin affects growth factor-dependent gene expression. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

The natural compound cordycepin (3’-deoxyadenosine) causes a reduction in breast cancer cell viability. Microarray analysis showed that growth related genes are down-regulated by cordycepin. Indeed, mTOR, ERK and AMPK signalling was shown to be altered by cordycepin, but the effect was too fast to be mediated by transcriptional changes. It was hypothesised that cordycepin affected signal transduction through translation. However, polysome profiling did not identify clear candidates for the effects of cordycepin on signal transduction but unveiled that cordycepin leads to translation repression on 5’ terminal oligopyrimidine (TOP) mRNAs. As TOP mRNAs are known to be regulated by mTOR signaling, this result consistently suggests mTOR signaling is inhibited by cordycepin treatment. To test if it is possible that cordycepin affects gene expression via signal transduction, we compared its effects to various signal transduction inhibitors and an activator. So far, Pictilisib, a pan-PI3K inhibitor, is the only inhibitor that mimics both the gene expression and signal transduction effects of cordycepin, indicating the PI3K-PDK1-AKT axis is affected by cordycepin.

The RNAs upregulated by cordycepin were highly enriched in a group of non-coding RNAs, which are also appeared to induce during serum withdrawal. Knockdown of poly(A) polymerases induced these RNAs, indicating that they probably are degraded by the PABPN1 and poly(A) polymerase dependent nuclear RNA decay pathway.

Thus the data suggest that cordycepin affects gene regulation by two distinct pathways, one affecting signal transduction and growth related mRNA expression and another affecting polyadenylation mediated decay of non-coding mRNAs.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: De Moor, Cornelia
Keywords: Cordycepin, polyadenylation, poly(A) tail, ncRNA, signal transduction, polysome profiling, RNA-Seq, growth factor
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history. Biology > QH573 Cytology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Item ID: 50823
Depositing User: Lin, Jia
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2018 14:17
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2018 16:30
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50823

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