South-South migration and the labor market: evidence from South Africa

Biavaschi, Costanza and Facchini, Giovanni and Mayda, Anna Maria and Mendola, Mariapia (2018) South-South migration and the labor market: evidence from South Africa. Journal of Economic Geography . ISSN 1468-2710

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Abstract

Using census data for 1996, 2001 and 2007 we study the labor market effect of immigration to South Africa. We exploit the variation – both at the district and at the national level –in the share of foreign–born male workers across schooling and experience groups over time. In addition, we use an instrumental variable empirical strategy to estimate the causal effect of immigration on the local labor market. At the district level, we show that increased immigration has a negative and significant effect on natives’ employment rates but not on total income. At the national level, we find that increased immigration has a negative and significant effect on natives’ total income but not on employment rates. Our results are consistent with outflows of natives to other districts as a consequence of migration, as in Borjas (2006).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Economic Geography following peer review. The version of record Costanza Biavaschi, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, Mariapia Mendola; South–South migration and the labor market: evidence from South Africa, Journal of Economic Geography, , lby010, https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lby010 is available online at:https://academic.oup.com/joeg/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jeg/lby010/4962130
Keywords: Immigration, labor market effects, South Africa
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
Identification Number: 10.1093/jeg/lby010
Depositing User: Facchini, Giovanni
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2018 09:52
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2018 11:55
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50795

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