Why do stroke survivors not receive recommended amounts of active therapy? Findings from the ReAcT study, a mixed-methods case-study evaluation in eight stroke units

Clarke, David and Burton, Louisa-Jane and Tyson, Sarah F. and Rogers, Helen and Drummond, Avril E.R. and Palmer, Rebecca and Hoffmann, Alex and Prescott, Matthew and Tyrrell, Pippa and Brkic, Lianne and Forster, Anne (2018) Why do stroke survivors not receive recommended amounts of active therapy? Findings from the ReAcT study, a mixed-methods case-study evaluation in eight stroke units. Clinical Rehabilitation . ISSN 1477-0873

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under Licence Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
Download (260kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective:

To identify why the National Clinical Guideline recommendation of 45 minutes of each appropriate therapy daily is not met in many English stroke units.

Design:

Mixed-methods case-study evaluation, including modified process mapping, non-participant observations of service organisation and therapy delivery, documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews.

Setting:

Eight stroke units in four English regions.

Subjects:

Seventy-seven patients with stroke, 53 carers and 197 stroke unit staff were observed; 49 patients, 50 carers and 131 staff participants were interviewed.

Results:

Over 1000 hours of non-participant observations and 433 patient-specific therapy observations were undertaken. The most significant factor influencing amount and frequency of therapy provided was the time therapists routinely spent, individually and collectively, in information exchange. Patient factors, including fatigue and tolerance influenced therapists’ decisions about frequency and intensity, typically resulting in adaptation of therapy rather than no provision. Limited use of individual patient therapy timetables was evident. Therapist staffing levels were associated with differences in therapy provision but were not the main determinant of intensity and frequency. Few therapists demonstrated understanding of the evidence underpinning recommendations for increased therapy frequency and intensity. Units delivering more therapy had undertaken patient-focused reorganisation of therapists’ working practices, enabling them to provide therapy consistent with guideline recommendations.

Conclusion:

Time spent in information exchange impacted on therapy provision in stroke units. Reorganisation of therapists’ work improved alignment with guidelines.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Stroke, stroke units, therapy intensity, therapy frequency, rehabilitation
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215518765329
Depositing User: Roe, Jonathan
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2018 12:15
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2018 12:44
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50753

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View