Carbon capture and utilisation: application of life cycle thinking to process design

Cuellar-Franca, Rosa and Dimitriou, Ioanna and Garcia-Gutierrez, Pelayo and Elder, Rachel H. and Allen, Ray W.K. and Azapagic, Adisa (2015) Carbon capture and utilisation: application of life cycle thinking to process design. In: 12th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering and 25th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineeri, Copenhagen, Denmark, 31 May – 4 June 2015.

[img] PDF - Repository staff only - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (265kB)

Abstract

Applying life cycle thinking at an early design stage can help engineers to deliver sustainable systems by design. To demonstrate how this can be carried out at a practical level, this paper proposes a simplified methodology for integrating life cycle considerations into process design. Combining flowsheeting and life cycle assessment, it shows how environmental 'hotspots' can be identified and translated into key design targets to improve the sustainability of a system from 'cradle to grave'. The method is applied to a carbon capture and utilisation system using waste CO2 to produce synthetic diesel in a Fischer-Tropsch process. Although the system is energy intensive, applying life cycle thinking helps to make synthetic diesel competitive not only with fossil but also with biodiesel in terms of the climate change impact.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Published in:Krist V. Gernaey, Jakob K. Huusom and Rafiqul Gani (Eds.), 12th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering and 25th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering. 31 May – 4 June 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark
Keywords: Fuels,Life cycle,Carbon capture and utilisation
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Dimitriou, Dr Ioanna
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2018 11:34
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2018 08:22
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50547

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View