Structural covariance and cortical reorganization in schizophrenia: a MRI-based morphometric study

Palaniyappan, Lena and Hodgson, Olha and Balain, Vijender and Iwabuchi, Sarina and Gowland, Penny and Liddle, Peter (2018) Structural covariance and cortical reorganization in schizophrenia: a MRI-based morphometric study. Psychological Medicine . ISSN 1469-8978

[img] PDF - Repository staff only until 6 November 2019. - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (2MB)

Abstract

Background: In patients with schizophrenia, distributed abnormalities are observed in grey matter volume. A recent hypothesis posits that these distributed changes are indicative of a plastic reorganization process occurring in response to a functional defect in neuronal information transmission. We investigated the structural covariance across various brain regions in early-stage schizophrenia to determine if indeed the observed patterns of volumetric loss conform to a coordinated pattern of structural reorganization.

Methods: Structural MRI scans were obtained from 40 healthy adults and 41 age, gender and parental socioeconomic status matched patients with schizophrenia. Volumes of grey matter tissue was estimated at regional level across 90 atlas-based parcellations. Group level structural covariance was studied using a graph theoretical framework.

Results: Patients had distributed reduction in grey matter volume, with high degree of localized covariance (clustering) compared to controls. Patients with schizophrenia had reduced centrality of anterior cingulate and insula but increased centrality of the fusiform cortex, compared to controls. Simulating targeted removal of highly central nodes resulted in significant loss of the overall covariance patterns in patients compared to controls.

Conclusion: Regional volumetric deficits in schizophrenia are not a result of random, mutually independent processes. Our observations support the occurrence of a spatially interconnected reorganization with systematic de-escalation of conventional ‘hub’ regions. This raises the question of whether the morphological architecture in schizophrenia is primed for compensatory functions, albeit with a high risk of inefficiency.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: morphometry, cortical reorganization, grey matter, psychosis, schizophrenia
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291718001010
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2018 10:38
Last Modified: 27 May 2018 18:36
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50530

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View