Water-in-oil-in-water double emulsion for the delivery of starter cultures in reduced-salt moromi fermentation of soy sauce

Devanthi, Putu Virgina Partha and Linforth, Robert and El Kadri, Hani and Gkatzionis, Konstantinos (2018) Water-in-oil-in-water double emulsion for the delivery of starter cultures in reduced-salt moromi fermentation of soy sauce. Food Chemistry, 257 . pp. 243-251. ISSN 0308-8146

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Abstract

This study investigated the application of water-oil-water (W1/O/W2) double emulsions (DE) for yeast encapsulation and sequential inoculation of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Tetragenococcus halophilus in moromi stage of soy sauce fermentation with reduced NaCl and/or substitution with KCl. Z. rouxii and T. halophilus were incorporated in the internal W1 and external W2 phase of DE, respectively. NaCl reduction and substitution promoted T. halophilus growth to 8.88 log CFU/mL, accompanied with faster sugar depletion and enhanced lactic acid production. Reducing NaCl without substitution increased the final pH (5.49) and decreased alcohols, acids, esters, furan and phenol content. However, the application of DE resulted in moromi with similar microbiological and physicochemical characteristics to that of high-salt. Principal component analysis of GC–MS data demonstrated that the reduced-salt moromi had identical aroma profile to that obtained in the standard one, indicating the feasibility of producing low-salt soy sauce without compromising its quality.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Soy sauce; Moromi fermentation; Salt reduction; W1/O/W2 double emulsion; Yeast encapsulation; Sequential inoculation; Aroma compounds; GC–MS
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Biosciences > Division of Food Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.03.022
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 11:08
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 09:18
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50437

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