Reduction of indole-3-acetic acid methyltransferase activity compensates for high-temperature male sterility in Arabidopsis

Abbas, Mohamad and Hernández-García, Jorge and Blanco-Tourin, Noel and Aliaga, Norma and Minguet, Eugenio G. and Alabadí, David and Blázquez, Miguel A. (2018) Reduction of indole-3-acetic acid methyltransferase activity compensates for high-temperature male sterility in Arabidopsis. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 16 (1). pp. 272-279. ISSN 1467-7652

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Abstract

High temperature is a general stress factor that causes a decrease in crop yield. It has been shown that auxin application reduces the male sterility caused by exposure to higher temperatures. However, widespread application of a hormone with vast effects on plant physiology may be discouraged in many cases. Therfore, the generation of new plant varieties that locally enhance auxin in reproductive organs may represent an alternative strategy. We have explored the possibility of increasing indoleacetic acid (IAA) in ovaries by reducing IAA METHYLTRANSFERASE1 (IAMT1) activity in Arabidopsis thaliana. The iamt1 mutant showed increased auxin signaling in funiculi, which correlated with a higher growth rate of wild-type pollen in contact with mutant ovaries and premature ovule fertilization. While the production of seeds per fruit was similar in the wild type and the mutant at 20°C, exposure to 29°C caused a more severe decrease in fertility in the wild type than in the mutant. Loss of IAMT1 activity was also associated with to the production of more nodes after flowering and higher tolerance of the shoot apical meristem to higher temperatures. As a consequence, the productivity of the iamt1 mutant under higher temperatures was more than double of that of the wild type, with almost no apparent trade-off.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Biosciences > Division of Plant and Crop Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12768
Depositing User: Abbas, Mohamad
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2018 15:09
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2018 15:17
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50025

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