Input uncertainty sensitivity enhanced non-singleton fuzzy logic controllers for long-term navigation of quadrotor UAVs

Fu, Changhong and Sarabakha, Andriy and Kayacan, Erdal and Wagner, Christian and John, Robert and Garibaldi, Jonathan M. (2018) Input uncertainty sensitivity enhanced non-singleton fuzzy logic controllers for long-term navigation of quadrotor UAVs. IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, 23 (2). pp. 725-734. ISSN 1083-4435

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Abstract

Input uncertainty, e.g., noise on the on-board camera and inertial measurement unit, in vision-based control of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is an inevitable problem. In order to handle input uncertainties as well as further analyze the interaction between the input and the antecedent fuzzy sets (FSs) of non-singleton fuzzy logic controllers (NSFLCs), an input uncertainty sensitivity enhanced NSFLC has been developed in robot operating system (ROS) using the C++ programming language. Based on recent advances in non-singleton inference, the centroid of the intersection of the input and antecedent FSs (Cen-NSFLC) is utilized to calculate the firing strength of each rule instead of the maximum of the intersection used in traditional NSFLC (Tra-NSFLC). An 8-shaped trajectory, consisting of straight and curved lines, is used for the real-time validation of the proposed controllers for a trajectory following problem. An accurate monocular keyframe-based visual-inertial simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) approach is used to estimate the position of the quadrotor UAV in GPS denied unknown environments. The performance of the Cen-NSFLC is compared with a conventional proportional integral derivative (PID) controller, a singleton FLC (SFLC) and a Tra-NSFLC. All controllers are evaluated for different flight speeds, thus introducing different levels of uncertainty into the control problem. Visual-inertial SLAM-based real time quadrotor UAV flight tests demonstrate that not only does the Cen-NSFLC achieve the best control performance among the four controllers, but it also shows better control performance when compared to their singleton counterparts. Considering the bias in the use of model based controllers, e.g. PID, for the control of UAVs, this paper advocates an alternative method, namely Cen-NSFLCs, in uncertain working environments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprint/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any cpyrighted component of this work in other works.
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Computer Science
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1109/TMECH.2018.2810947
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2018 09:28
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2018 14:28
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49931

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