Transient accumulation of 5-carboxylcytosine indicates involvement of active demethylation in lineage specification of neural stem cells

Wheldon, Lee M. and Abakir, Abdulkadir and Ferjentsik, Zoltan and Dudnakova, Tatiana and Strohbuecker, Stephanie and Christie, Denise and Dai, Nan and Guan, Shengxi and Foster, Jeremy M. and Corrêa, Ivan R and Loose, Matthew and Dixon, James E. and Sottile, Virginie and Johnson, Andrew D. and Ruzov, Alexey (2014) Transient accumulation of 5-carboxylcytosine indicates involvement of active demethylation in lineage specification of neural stem cells. Cell Reports, 7 (5). pp. 1353-1361. ISSN 2211-1247

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Abstract

5-Methylcytosine (5mC) is an epigenetic modification involved in regulation of gene activity during differentiation. Tet dioxygenases oxidize 5mC to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC), and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC). Both 5fC and 5caC can be excised from DNA by thymine-DNA glycosylase (TDG) followed by regeneration of unmodified cytosine via the base excision repair pathway. Despite evidence that this mechanism is operative in embryonic stem cells, the role of TDG-dependent demethylation in differentiation and development is currently unclear. Here, we demonstrate that widespread oxidation of 5hmC to 5caC occurs in postimplantation mouse embryos. We show that 5fC and 5caC are transiently accumulated during lineage specification of neural stem cells (NSCs) in culture and in vivo. Moreover, 5caC is enriched at the cell-type-specific promoters during differentiation of NSCs, and TDG knockdown leads to increased 5fC/5caC levels in differentiating NSCs. Our data suggest that active demethylation contributes to epigenetic reprogramming determining lineage specification in embryonic brain.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Cancer and Stem Cells
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2014.05.003
Depositing User: Sottile, Virginie
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2018 16:00
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 09:18
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49914

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