Bush the transnationalist: a reappraisal of the unilateralist impulse in US foreign policy, 2001-2009

Ryan, Maria (2017) Bush the transnationalist: a reappraisal of the unilateralist impulse in US foreign policy, 2001-2009. International Politics, 54 (5). pp. 561-582. ISSN 1740-3898

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This article challenges the common characterisation of George W. Bush’s foreign policy as “unilateral.” It argues that the Bush administration developed a new post-9/11 understanding of terrorism as a transnational, networked phenomenon shaped by the forces of globalisation. This led to a new strategic emphasis on bi- and multilateral security co-operation and counterterrorism operations, especially outside of Afghanistan and Iraq, driven by the perceived need to counter a transnational security challenge present in multiple locations. This (flawed) attempt to engage with transnational security challenges supplemented the existing internationalist pillar of the Bush administration’s foreign policy. Highlighting the transnational realm of international relations and the ways in which the Bush administration was able to co-opt other states to tackle perceived transnational challenges also shows the high importance the administration attached to concerted action even as it frequented eschewed institutional multilateralism.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in International Politics. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Ryan, M. Int Polit (2017) 54: 561. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41311-017-0054-8 is available online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057%2Fs41311-017-0054-8
Keywords: Bush, transnationalism, strategy, multilateralism, bilateralism, security co-operation
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Arts > School of Cultures, Languages and Area Studies > Department of American and Canadian Studies
Identification Number: 10.1057/s41311-017-0054-8
Depositing User: Ryan, Maria
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2018 09:19
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2018 14:45
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49897

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