Chromoendoscopy versus autofluorescence imaging for neoplasia detection in patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis (FIND-UC): an international, multicentre, randomised controlled trial

Vleugels, Jasper L.A. and Rutter, Matt D. and Ragunath, Krish and Rees, Colin J. and Ponsioen, Cyriel Y. and Lahiff, Conor and Ket, Shara N. and Wanders, Linda K. and Samuel, Sunil and Butt, Faheem and Kuiper, Teaco and Travis, Simon P.L. and D'Haens, Geert and Wang, L.M. and Van Eeden, Susanne and East, J.E. and Dekker, E. (2018) Chromoendoscopy versus autofluorescence imaging for neoplasia detection in patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis (FIND-UC): an international, multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 3 (5). pp. 305-316. ISSN 2468-1253

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Abstract

Background: Patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis (UC) undergo regular dysplasia surveillance because of increased colorectal cancer risk. Previous studies demonstrated that autofluorescence imaging (AFI) and chromoendoscopy (CE) increased dysplasia detection. The aim of this study was to determine whether AFI should be further studied as an alternative method for dysplasia surveillance in patients with longstanding UC.

Methods: In this prospective international, randomised trial, 210 patients undergoing colonoscopy surveillance for longstanding UC were randomised between 1 August 2013 and 10 March 2017 for inspection with either AFI or CE (105:105). Randomisation was minimised for a previous history of dysplasia and a previous history of primary sclerosing cholangitis. The main outcome was the relative dysplasia detection rate calculated by the ratio of AFI versus CE. This relative dysplasia detection rate was determined for the proportion of UC patients in which at least one dysplastic lesion was detected and for the mean number of dysplastic lesions per patient. The relative dysplasia detection rate needed to be above 0·67 for both outcomes to support performing a subsequent large non-inferiority trial, using an 80% confidence interval. Analysis was performed per protocol. The trial is registered at Netherlands Trial Register (NTR4062).

Findings: AFI detected dysplasia in 13 (12·4%) patients, compared to 20 patients (19·1%) with CE. The relative dysplasia detection rate of CE versus AFI for the proportion of UC patients with at least one dysplastic lesion was 0·65 (80% CI; 0·43-0·99). The mean number of detected dysplastic lesions per patient was 0·13 for AFI compared to 0·37 for CE (relative dysplasia detection rate 0·36, 80% CI; 0·21-0·61). Two patients experienced an adverse event (intraprocedural mild bleeding = 1, abdominal pain = 1) in the AFI-arm and three patients (intraprocedural mild bleeding = 2, perforation = 1) in the CE-arm.

Interpretation: In this randomised study comparing AFI with CE for dysplasia surveillance in patients with longstanding UC, AFI did not meet criteria for proceeding to a large non-inferiority trial. Therefore, current AFI technology should not be further investigated as an alternative dysplasia surveillance method.

Funding: Olympus Europe and Olympus Keymed, Oxford and Nottingham NIHR biomedical research centres.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Ulcerative colitis, surveillance/screening, colonoscopy, dysplasia, image-enhanced endoscopy, randomised controlled trial
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-1253(18)30055-4
Depositing User: Brueton, Kim
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2018 13:37
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2018 12:15
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49834

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