Phylogenetic classification of the world’s tropical forests

Slik, J.W. Ferry and Franklin, Janet and Arroyo-Rodríguez, Víctor and Field, Richard and Aguilar, Salomon and Aguirre, Nikolay and Ahumada, Jorge and Aiba, Shin-Ichiro and Alves, Luciana F. and K, Anitha and Avella, Andres and Mora, Francisco and Aymard C., Gerardo A. and Báez, Selene and Balvanera, Patricia and Bastian, Meredith L. and Bastin, Jean-François and Bellingham, Peter J. and van den Berg, Eduardo and da Conceição Bispo, Polyanna and Boeckx, Pascal and Boehning-Gaese, Katrin and Bongers, Frans and Boyle, Brad and Brambach, Fabian and Brearley, Francis Q. and Brown, Sandra and Chai, Shauna-Lee and Chazdon, Robin L. and Chen, Shengbin and Chhang, Phourin and Chuyong, George and Ewango, Corneille and Coronado, Indiana M. and Cristóbal-Azkarate, Jurgi and Culmsee, Heike and Damas, Kipiro and Dattaraja, H. S. and Davidar, Priya and DeWalt, Saara J. and Din, Hazimah and Drake, Donald R. and Duque, Alvaro and Durigan, Giselda and Eichhorn, Karl and Eler, Eduardo Schmidt and Enoki, Tsutomu and Ensslin, Andreas and Fandohan, Adandé Belarmain and Farwig, Nina and Feeley, Kenneth J. and Fischer, Markus and Forshed, Olle and Garcia, Queila Souza and Garkoti, Satish Chandra and Gillespie, Thomas W. and Gillet, Jean-Francois and Gonmadje, Christelle and Granzow-de la Cerda, Iñigo and Griffith, Daniel M. and Grogan, James and Hakeem, Khalid Rehman and Harris, David J. and Harrison, Rhett D. and Hector, Andy and Hemp, Andreas and Homeier, Jürgen and Hussain, M. Shah and Ibarra-Manríquez, Guillermo and Hanum, I. Faridah and Imai, Nobuo and Jansen, Patrick A. and Joly, Carlos Alfredo and Joseph, Shijo and Kartawinata, Kuswata and Kearsley, Elizabeth and Kelly, Daniel L. and Kessler, Michael and Killeen, Timothy J. and Kooyman, Robert M. and Laumonier, Yves and Laurance, Susan G. and Laurance, William F. and Lawes, Michael J. and Letcher, Susan G. and Lindsell, Jeremy and Lovett, Jon and Lozada, Jose and Lu, Xinghui and Lykke, Anne Mette and Mahmud, Khairil Bin and Mahayani, Ni Putu Diana and Mansor, Asyraf and Marshall, Andrew R. and Martin, Emanuel H. and Calderado Leal Matos, Darley and Meave, Jorge A. and Melo, Felipe P.L. and Mendoza, Zhofre Huberto Aguirre and Metali, Faizah and Medjibe, Vincent P. and Metzger, Jean Paul and Metzker, Thiago and Mohandass, D. and Munguía-Rosas, Miguel A. and Muñoz, Rodrigo and Nurtjahy, Eddy and de Oliveira, Eddie Lenza and Onrizal, N. and Parolin, Pia and Parren, Marc and Parthasarathy, N. and Paudel, Ekananda and Perez, Rolando and Pérez-García, Eduardo A. and Pommer, Ulf and Poorter, Lourens and Qi, Lan and Piedade, Maria Teresa F. and Pinto, José Roberto Rodrigues and Poulsen, Axel Dalberg and Poulsen, John R. and Powers, Jennifer S. and Prasad, Rama Chandra and Puyravaud, Jean-Philippe and Rangel, Orlando and Reitsma, Jan and Rocha, Diogo S.B. and Rolim, Samir and Rovero, Francesco and Rozak, Andes and Ruokolainen, Kalle and Rutishauser, Ervan and Rutten, Gemma and Mohd. Said, Mohd. Nizam and Saiter, Felipe Z. and Saner, Philippe and Santos, Braulio and dos Santos, João Roberto and Sarker, Swapan Kumar and Schmitt, Christine B. and Schoengart, Jochen and Schulze, Mark and Sheil, Douglas and Sist, Plinio and Souza, Alexandre F. and Spironello, Wilson Roberto and Sposito, Tereza and Steinmetz, Robert and Stevart, Tariq and Suganuma, Marcio Seiji and Sukri, Rahayu and Sultana, Aisha and Sukumar, Raman and Sunderland, Terry and Supriyadi, N. and Suresh, H.S. and Suzuki, Eizi and Tabarelli, Marcelo and Tang, Jianwei and Tanner, Ed V.J. and Targhetta, Natalia and Theilade, Ida and Thomas, Duncan and Timberlake, Jonathan and de Morisson Valeriano, Márcio and van Valkenburg, Johan and Van Do, Tran and Van Sam, Hoang and Vandermeer, John H. and Verbeeck, Hans and Vetaas, Ole Reidar and Adekunle, Victor and Vieira, Simone A. and Webb, Campbell O. and Webb, Edward L. and Whitfeld, Timothy and Wich, Serge and Williams, John and Wiser, Susan and Wittmann, Florian and Yang, Xiaobo and Adou Yao, C. Yves and Yap, Sandra L. and Zahawi, Rakan A. and Zakaria, Rahmad and Zang, Runguo (2018) Phylogenetic classification of the world’s tropical forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . p. 201714977. ISSN 1091-6490

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Abstract

Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world’s tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present a classification of the world’s tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (i) Indo-Pacific, (ii) Subtropical, (iii) African, (iv) American, and (v) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional neo- versus paleotropical forest division but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar, and India. Additionally, a northern-hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northern hemisphere forests.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: biogeographic legacies ; forest classification ; forest functional similarity ; phylogenetic community distance ; tropical forests
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Geography
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1714977115
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2018 13:44
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 15:05
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49671

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