Energy waste in buildings due to occupant behaviour

Pan, Song and Wang, Xingru and Wei, Shen and Xu, Chuanqi and Zhang, Xingxing and Xie, Jingchao and Tindall, Jess and de Wilde, Pieter (2017) Energy waste in buildings due to occupant behaviour. Energy Procedia, 105 . pp. 2233-2238. ISSN 1876-6102

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Abstract

Occupants’ behaviour has a significant impact on the energy performance of buildings. A good understanding of how occupants use a building provides a possibility of promoting the building’s energy efficiency through changing occupant behaviour. Building simulation has been adopted as a useful method by building engineers for quantifying the effects of changing occupant behaviour on the building’s energy consumption and indoor environment. However, due to the lack of real measured data with respect to how occupants use the building, such simulation work has relied on assumed behavioural patterns, which significantly reduces the reliability of the predicted results. This paper describes a longitudinal study monitoring occupants’ heating, window opening and cooling behaviour in an office building throughout summer, transitional and winter periods. These behavioural data were then used to drive dynamic building performance simulation to predict the energy saving potential of changing behaviour. Comparison with predicted results by assumed behavioural patterns reflected that improperly assumed behavioural patterns may either overestimate or underestimate the energy saving potential of changing behaviour, especially for unextreme behaviours.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Energy waste; Occupant behaviour; Office building; Building simulation
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering
University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Architecture and Built Environment
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.636
Depositing User: CHEN, Jiaorong
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2018 08:51
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 10:22
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49579

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