Low-frequency analogue Hawking radiation: the Korteweg–de Vries model

Coutant, Antonin and Weinfurtner, Silke (2018) Low-frequency analogue Hawking radiation: the Korteweg–de Vries model. Physical Review D, 97 (2). 025005. ISSN 2470-0029

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We derive analytic expressions for the low-frequency properties of the analogue Hawking radiation in a general weak-dispersive medium. A thermal low-frequency part of the spectrum is expected even when dispersive effects become significant. We consider the two most common class of weak-dispersive media and investigate all possible anomalous scattering processes due inhomogeneous background flows. We first argue that under minimal assumptions, the scattering processes in near-critical flows are well described by a linearized Korteweg-de Vries equation. Within our theoretical model greybody factors are neglected, that is, the mode co-moving with the flow decouples from the other ones. We also exhibit a flow example with an exact expression for the effective temperature. We see that this temperature coincides with the Hawking one only when the dispersive length scale is much smaller than the flow gradient scale. We apply the same method in inhomogeneous flows without an analogue horizon. In this case, the spectrum coefficients decrease with decreasing frequencies. Our findings are in agreement with previous numerical works, generalizing their findings to arbitrary ow profiles. Our analytical expressions provide estimates to guide ongoing experimental efforts.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Identification Number: 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.025005
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2018 12:13
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 10:40
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49381

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