Situation-based contingencies underlying wisdom-content manifestations: examining intellectual humility in daily life

Zachry, Corinne E. and Phan, Le Vy and Blackie, Laura E.R. and Jayawickreme, Eranda (2018) Situation-based contingencies underlying wisdom-content manifestations: examining intellectual humility in daily life. Journals of Gerontology: Series B . ISSN 1758-5368

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Abstract

Objectives: Existing assessments of intellectual humility (IH)—a key component of wisdom—do not examine its manifestation in daily life while sufficiently focusing on the core idea of the construct: owning up to one’s intellectual shortcomings. The present research sought to examine situational contingencies underlying daily manifestations of IH-relevant characteristics. The State-Trait IH scale developed here is novel in that it both offers greater content validity and coverage of IH and provides a robust measure for assessing IH in a contextualized manner in daily life. Methods: We developed a trait version of the State-Trait IH Scale in two studies and subsequently examined daily manifestations of IH-relevant characteristics utilizing a contextualized state version of the State-Trait IH Scale in a 21-day experience sampling study. Here we tested how specific situational contingencies (associated with the context and the personality of the individual with whom participants engaged) influenced the manifestation of IH-relevant qualities. Results: We found strong evidence for the validity of both versions of the scale. Specifically, the state measure exhibited high within-person variability, and aggregated state assessments were strongly correlated with the trait measure. Additionally, morality positively predicted manifestation of IH, while disagreeableness negatively predicted manifestation of IH. Discussion: These results offer new directions for research on the expression of wisdom-related characteristics in daily life.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journals of Gerontology: Series B following peer review. The version of record Corinne E Zachry, Le Vy Phan, Laura E R Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme; Situation-Based Contingencies Underlying Wisdom-Content Manifestations: Examining Intellectual Humility in Daily Life, The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, , gby016, https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gby016 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/psychsocgerontology/advance-article/doi/10.1093/geronb/gby016/4883184
Keywords: Intellectual humility; Within-person variability; Multilevel modeling; Density distribution approach
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gby016
Depositing User: Blackie, Laura
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2018 09:02
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2018 19:30
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49262

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