Cortical differences in diverticular disease and correlation with symptom reports

Pitiot, Alain and Smith, Janette Kate and Garratt, Jill and Francis, Susan T. and Gowland, Penny A. and Spiller, Robin C. and Marciani, Luca (2018) Cortical differences in diverticular disease and correlation with symptom reports. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 30 (7). e13303/1-e13303/10. ISSN 1365-2982

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Abstract

Background

Recent studies have shown that the brain of patients with gastrointestinal disease differ both structurally and functionally from that of controls. Highly somatizing diverticular disease (HSDD) patients were also shown to differ from low somatizing (LSDD) patients functional-ly. This study aimed to investigate how they differed structurally.

Methods

Four diseases subgroups were studied in a cross-sectional design: 20 patients with asympto-matic diverticular disease (ADD), 18 LSDD, 16 HSDD, and 18 with irritable bowel syn-drome. We divided DD patients into LSDD and HSDD using a cutoff of 6 on the Patient Health Questionnaire 12 Somatic Symptom (PHQ12-SS) scale. All patients underwent a 1-mm isotropic structural brain MRI scan and were assessed for somatization, hospital anxiety, depression, and pain catastrophizing. Whole brain volumetry, cortical thickness analysis and voxel-based morphometry were carried out using Freesurfer and SPM.

Key Results

We observed decreases in grey matter density in the left and right dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), and in the mid-cingulate and motor cortex, and increases in the left (19, 20) and right (19, 38) Brodmann Areas. The average cortical thickness differed overall across groups (P=0.002) and regionally: HSDD>ADD in the posterior cingulate cortex (P=0.03), HSDD>LSDD in the dlPFC (P=0.03) and in the ventro-lateral PFC (P<0.001). The thickness of the anterior cingulate cortex and of the mid-prefrontal cortex were also found to correlate with Pain Catastrophizing (Spearman's ρ=0.24, P=0.043 uncorrected and Spearman's ρ=0.25, P=0.03 uncorrected).

Conclusion & Inferences

This is the first study of structural grey matter abnormalities in diverticular disease patients. The data shows brain differences in the pain network.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Pitiot A, Smith JK, Humes DJ, et al. Cortical differences in diverticular disease and correlation with symptom reports. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2018;e13303, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13303. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Magnetic resonance imaging; Brain; Cortex; Diverticular disease; Pain; Cortical thickness analy-sis; MRI; Voxel-based morphometry; Grey matter; Catastrophizing
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13303
Depositing User: Marciani, Dr Luca
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2018 11:40
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 13:30
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49186

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