Climatic and evolutionary factors shaping geographical gradients of species richness in Anolis lizards

Velasco, Julián A. and Villalobos, Fabricio and Diniz-Filho, José Alexandre F. and Algar, Adam C. and Flores-Villela, Oscar and Köhler, Gunther and Poe, Steven and Martínez-Meyer, Enrique (2018) Climatic and evolutionary factors shaping geographical gradients of species richness in Anolis lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 123 (3). pp. 615-627. ISSN 1095-8312

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Abstract

Understanding the climatic and historical factors shaping species richness is a major goal of ecology and biogeography. Consensus on how climate affects species richness is still lacking, but four potential and non-exclusive explanations have emerged: water-energy, where diversity is determined by precipitation and/or temperature; seasonality, where diversity is determined by seasonal variation in climate; heterogeneity, where diversity is determined by spatial variability in climate; and historical climatic stability, where diversity is determined by changes in climate through evolutionary time. Climate–richness relationships are also mediated by historical processes such as phylogenetic niche conservatism and lineage diversification across regions. We evaluated the effect of climate on species richness gradients of Anolis lizards and tested the role of phylogenetic niche conservatism (PNC) and regional diversification (RD) in the origin and maintenance of climate-richness relationships. Climate had a strong non-stationary relationship with species richness with strong shared effects among several climate axes. Regional differences in climate–richness relationships suggest different assembly processes between regions. However, we did not find evidence for a role of evolutionary factors such as PNC or RD underlying these relationships. We suggest that evolutionary processes affecting climate-richness relationships in Anolis likely were obscured by high dispersal rates between regions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society following peer review. The version of record Julian A Velasco, Fabricio Villalobos, Jose A F Diniz-Filho, Adam C Algar, Oscar Flores-Villela, Gunther KÖhler, Steven Poe, Enrique Martinez-Meyer; Climatic and evolutionary factors shaping geographical gradients of species richness in Anolis lizards, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Volume 123, Issue 3, 2 March 2018, Pages 615–627, https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/blx160 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/blx160.
Keywords: climate, regional diversification, phylogenetic niche conservatism, macroecology, macroevolution
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Geography
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/blx160
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2018 09:56
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2018 14:51
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49041

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