Great sexpectations: older adults’ perceptions about how transitioning to a care home might impact on experiences of sexuality

Hooper, Anna (2018) Great sexpectations: older adults’ perceptions about how transitioning to a care home might impact on experiences of sexuality. DClinPsy thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Introduction

Older adults’ sexuality has been linked with a number of factors associated with wellbeing. Despite sexual practices changing across the lifespan, sexuality remains an important part of the identity of older adults. The ageing population of the United Kingdom is placing increasing demands on care homes, yet despite the recognised benefits of older adults’ sexuality best practice guidelines for care homes either fail to comment on residents’ sexuality or provide recommendations which are too minimal or vague to operationalise. Most research exploring older adults’ sexuality in care homes has focussed on the views of health and social care practitioners who report on their lack of willingness to engage with residents about their sexuality needs. Research which attempts to explore older adults’ sexuality in care homes from the perspective of residents favours quantitative research methods, an approach which arguably fails to acknowledge the changes in sexual expression which occur with age. Furthermore, the lack of consensus regarding the conceptualisation of the term ‘sexuality’ across the literature limits the extent to which research findings can be synthesised. This research sought to contribute to understandings of older adults’ sexuality experiences in care homes from a first-person perspective by adopting a prospective planning approach to explore prognostications about how transitioning to a care home might impact upon experiences of sexuality and participants’ hopes and fears regarding care provision. To increase the interpretability of findings and contextualise responses, the definition of sexuality from the perspective of older adults was also considered.

Methods

Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten participants to explore three broad questions: (1) How do older adults define ‘sexuality’? (2) What impact might a care home have on sexuality experience? (3) How would individuals like sexuality to be acknowledged by care services? Face-to-face and telephone interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and analysed using a hybrid inductive/deductive thematic analysis approach at a mixed manifest/latent level.

Results

Participants defined sexuality as a multifaceted component of self-identity which held individual meaning and changed across the lifespan. Participants’ definitions of sexuality were compared with the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) working definition of sexuality, and areas of difference and similarity were identified. Participants anticipated that becoming a resident of a care home would prompt significant (and often negative) changes with regards to how they could experience sexuality. Participants wanted services to demonstrate attempts to minimise the environmental impact on sexuality and promote positive experiences in a manner that was responsive to individual need.

Discussion

While used as an ageless term, ‘sexuality’ has different understandings and applications across the lifespan and remains an important part of the identity of older adults. Findings from this study indicated that participants expected to embody the role of the non-sexual resident when transitioning into a care home, changes in identity which were predicated on living in an environment which was predicted to neither acknowledge nor facilitate positive sexuality experiences.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (DClinPsy)
Supervisors: De Boos, Danielle
Moghaddam, Nima
das Nair, Roshan
Keywords: Sexuality, Care homes, Residential care, Qualitative research, Older adults, Thematic analysis
Subjects: W Medicine and related subjects (NLM Classification) > WT Geriatrics. Chronic disease
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Item ID: 49008
Depositing User: Hooper, Anna
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2018 14:07
Last Modified: 07 May 2020 18:03
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49008

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