Risk and boundary work in contemporary maternity care: tensions and consequences

Spendlove, Zoey (2018) Risk and boundary work in contemporary maternity care: tensions and consequences. Health, Risk & Society, 20 (1-2). pp. 63-80. ISSN 1469-8331

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Abstract

While the organisation of work in maternity care has historically witnessed boundary work between midwives and obstetricians, modern service provision has posed many challenges to professional boundary work, with increasing litigation and risk management practices fuelling the social construction of a ‘risk discourse’ within maternity care. Drawing upon observational and interview data of an ethnographic study conducted in a UK obstetric-led maternity unit during 2013, this article explores the professional experiences of contemporary ‘risk work’ and the impact of such ‘risk work’ upon the professional role boundaries of obstetricians and midwives. Midwives and obstetricians expressed concern regarding risk in childbirth. Obstetricians and midwives perceived control over the childbirth process as a means of promoting risk minimisation, so that risk management was central to the perceived rational management of uncertainty in maternity care. Anxiety over uncertainty, error and blame was associated with dominance of the biomedical model of care in translating and managing risk and a perceived increase in the medicalisation of childbirth. Such ‘risk discourse’ had consequently provoked boundary work tension, with the perceived shifting of professional role boundaries of obstetricians and midwives within maternity care. As a consequence of contemporary risk work and reconfiguration of role boundaries, the role of the midwife in the twenty-first century was perceived to be in a state of flux. I note that contemporary risk work and the reconfiguration of professional boundaries in maternity services potentially places the midwifery profession ‘at risk’ of deprofessionalisation, raising concerns for the future role and professional status of midwives.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Health, Risk & Society on 27 Nov 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13698575.2017.1398820.
Keywords: risk, risk work, risk minimisation, role boundaries, boundary disputes
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/13698575.2017.1398820
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2018 11:15
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2018 04:01
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/48916

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