Mixed empirical-numerical method for investigating tunneling effects on structures

Haji, Twana and Marshall, Alec M. and Franza, Andrea (2018) Mixed empirical-numerical method for investigating tunneling effects on structures. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 73 . pp. 92-104. ISSN 0886-7798

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Abstract

The assessment of potential for building damage due to ground displacements caused by tunnelling is a global issue being faced by engineers. There is a two-way interaction between tunnelling and existing buildings; tunnel construction affects a building by inducing displacements in the soil underlying its foundation, and buildings influence tunnelling induced displacements via their weight and stiffness. Numerical analyses are widely used to investigate tunnelling and its impact on structures, however numerically predicted ground displacements are generally wider and shallower than those observed in practice. This paper presents a two-stage mixed empirical-numerical technique to estimate the effect of building stiffness on ground displacements due to tunnelling. In the first stage, greenfield soil displacements are applied to the soil model and the nodal reaction forces are recorded. In the second stage, the effect of tunnelling on a structure is evaluated by applying the recorded nodal reactions to an undeformed mesh. Results from conventional numerical analyses of the problem are compared against those obtained using the mixed empirical-numerical approach. Results demonstrate the importance of imposing realistic inputs of greenfield displacements when evaluating structural response to tunnelling.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/962395
Keywords: Tunnelling; Displacement prediction; Soil-structure interaction; Building response
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tust.2017.12.008
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 14:12
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:52
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/48604

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