Whole-exome sequencing of the BDR cohort: evidence to support the role of the PILRA gene in Alzheimer’s disease

Patel, Tulsi, Brookes, Keeley J., Turton, James, Chaudhury, Sultan, Guetta-Baranes, Tamar, Guerreiro, Rita, Bras, Jose, Hernandez, Dena, Singleton, Andrew, Francis, Paul T., Hardy, John and Morgan, Kevin (2017) Whole-exome sequencing of the BDR cohort: evidence to support the role of the PILRA gene in Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology . ISSN 0305-1846

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Aim: Late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD) accounts for 95% of all Alzheimer’s cases and is genetically complex in nature. Overlapping clinical and neuropathological features between AD, FTD and Parkinson’s disease highlight the potential role of genetic pleiotropy across diseases. Recent GWAS have uncovered 20 new loci for AD risk, however these exhibit small effect sizes. Using NGS, here we perform association analyses using exome-wide and candidate-gene driven approaches.

Methods: Whole-exome sequencing was performed on 132 AD cases and 53 control samples. Exome-wide single variant association and gene burden tests were performed for 76,640 non-singleton variants. Samples were also screened for known causative mutations in familial genes in AD and other dementias. Single variant association and burden analysis was also carried out on variants in known AD and other neurologic dementia genes.

Results: Tentative single variant and burden associations were seen in several genes with kinase and protease activity. Exome-wide burden analysis also revealed significant burden of variants in PILRA (P=3.4x10-5), which has previously been linked to AD via GWAS, hit ZCWPW1. Screening for causative mutations in familial AD and other dementia genes revealed no pathogenic variants. Variants identified in ABCA7, SLC24A4, CD33 and LRRK2 were nominally associated with disease (P<0.05) but did not withstand correction for multiple testing. APOE (P=0.02) and CLU (P=0.04) variants showed significant burden on AD.

Conclusions: In addition, polygenic risk scores (PRS) were able to distinguish between cases and controls with 83.8% accuracy using 3,268 variants, sex, age at death and APOE ε4 and ε2 status as predictors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:Patel, T., Brookes, K. J., Turton, J., Chaudhury, S., Guetta-Baranes, T., Guerreiro, R., Bras, J., Hernandez, D., Singleton, A., Francis, P. T., Hardy, J. and Morgan, K. (), Whole-exome sequencing of the BDR cohort: Evidence to support the role of the PILRA gene in Alzheimer's disease. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1111/nan.12452, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nan.12452/abstract. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Whole-exome sequencing, Alzheimer's disease, burden analysis, polygenic risk score
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences > School of Molecular Medical Sciences > Human Genetics Research Group
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/nan.12452
Depositing User: Morgan, Kevin
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 14:05
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2018 04:30
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/48334

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