Effectiveness of mass media campaigns to reduce alcohol consumption and harm: a systematic review

Young, Ben and Lewis, Sarah and Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal and Bauld, Linda and Stead, Martine and Angus, Kathryn and Campbell, Mhairi and Hilton, Shona and Thomas, James and Hinds, Kate and Ashie, Adele and Langley, Tessa (2017) Effectiveness of mass media campaigns to reduce alcohol consumption and harm: a systematic review. Alcohol and Alcoholism . ISSN 1464-3502 (Submitted)

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Abstract

Aims: To assess the effectiveness of mass media messages to reduce alcohol consumption and related harms using a systematic literature review.

Methods: Eight databases were searched along with reference lists of eligible studies. Studies of any design in any country were included, provided they evaluated a mass media intervention targeting alcohol consumption or related behavioural, social cognitive or clinical outcomes. Drink driving interventions and college campus campaigns were ineligible. Studies quality were assessed, data were extracted and a narrative synthesis conducted.

Results: Searches produced 10,212 results and 24 studies were included in the review. Most campaigns used TV or radio in combination with other media channels, were conducted in developed countries and were of weak quality. There was little evidence of reductions in alcohol consumption associated with exposure to campaigns based on 13 studies which measured consumption, although most did not state this as a specific aim of the campaign. There were some increases in treatment seeking and information seeking and mixed evidence of changes in intentions, motivation, beliefs and attitudes about alcohol. Campaigns were associated with increases in knowledge about alcohol consumption, especially where levels had initially been low. Recall of campaigns was high.

Conclusion: Mass media health campaigns about alcohol are often recalled by individuals, have achieved changes in knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about alcohol but there is little evidence of reductions in alcohol consumption.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: mass media; alcohol consumption; alcohol knowledge; adolescence; pregnancy; heavy episodic drinking
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
Identification Number: 10.1093/alcalc/agx094
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2017 09:55
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2017 09:55
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/47763

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